Virginia Department Of Mineral Resources

By | April 15, 2019

Virginia Department Of Mineral Resources, the Division of Geology and Mineral Resources (DGMR) serves as Virginia’s geological survey. DGMR performs investigations aimed at reducing risk from geologic hazards and encouraging sustainable development through the wise use of mineral, land, water, and energy resources. In addition to publishing maps and reports, DGMR maintains repositories of geological and geophysical data, as well as rock, fossil, and core samples. With our staff of experienced geoscientists, we are uniquely positioned to provide expert assistance in matters pertaining to the geology and mineral resources of the Commonwealth.


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Virginia’s geological survey was created in 1835 by the Virginia General Assembly.  The intent of the survey was to characterize and map the extent of Virginia’s mineral resources, especially coal.  The Geological Survey of Virginia, as it was known at that time, was the fifth state geological survey created in the United States.  William Barton Rogers served as the survey’s first director.  From the compilation of Rogers’ reports and maps, the first comprehensive geologic map of Virginia was produced in 1884.  Rogers was also professor of natural philosophy and chemistry at the College of William and Mary and later founded the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1865.  Mount Rogers, the highest point in Virginia at 5,729 feet, was named for William Barton Rogers.

In 1907, Thomas Leonard Watson published “Mineral Resources of Virginia.”  This publication was a comprehensive review of the mineral resource occurrences in the state and was released to coincide with the 300th anniversary of the Jamestown settlement.  Watson was appointed Director of the survey in 1908.

The Virginia Division of Geology and Mineral Resources (DGMR) has had several names since it inception in 1835 including: Geological Survey of Virginia (1835-43), Virginia Geological Survey (1908-54), Division of Geology (1954-57), and Division of Mineral Resources (1957-2008).  In 1985, the Division of Mineral Resources became a division of the newly created Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy. As of July 1, 2008, the division’s name changed once again to the Division of Geology and Mineral Resources (DGMR) to further emphasize our role as Virginia’s geological survey.